Oryza glaberrima

Oryza glaberrima (African rice) is a cultivated grain distinct from its better known cousin Oryza sativa (Asian rice). African rice was independently domesticated ~3000 years ago in the Niger River Delta from its still extant progenitor, Oryza barthii. While lacking many of the agronomic and quality traits found in Asian rice, O. glaberrima is significant for its resistance to many pests and diseases and for its tolerance of drought and infertile soils. Interspecific crosses between African and Asian rice have produced cultivars with improved yield and quality traits, that have been adopted by many African countries to meet the growing need for rice as a staple food. From a scientific perspective the genome of O. glaberrima provides insight into the genetic basis of domestication and other traits by finding commonalities and differences with O. sativa. Similar to Asian rice, African rice is a diploid A-type genome, having 12 chromosomes and an estimated size of ~358 Mbp.

Plants and Fungi
cellular organisms; Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Streptophytina; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; Liliopsida; Petrosaviidae; commelinids; Poales; Poaceae; BOP clade; Oryzoideae; Oryzeae; Oryzinae; Oryza
Genbank Common Name
African rice
Infraspecific Taxon
Common Name
Oryza glaberrima CG14
The International Oryza Map Alignment Project: development of a genus-wide comparative genomics platform to help solve the 9 billion-people question. Current Opinion in Plant Biology, Volume 16, Issue 2, May 2013, Pages 147 - 156. Julie Jacquemin, Dharminder Bhatia, Kuldeep Singh, Rod A Wing
Analysis Table
NameProgramDate Constructed
Whole Genome Assembly and Annotation of Oryza glaberrima (ENA)Assembly and Annotation Performed by ENAJul 11th, 2018
The Whole African Rice Genome resequencing projectRead preprocessing and mapping was performed using the TOGGLEJan 3rd, 2017
Genome-wide association mapping for agronomic and environmental traits in a panel of O. glaberrima rice accessionsSNP calling from MSU/GWAS by LFMM (R)Jan 2nd, 2020
Genome-wide association mapping for shoot growth and water uptake dynamics in a panel of O. glaberrima rice accessionsSNP calling from MSU/GWAS by MLM (Tassel)Nov 10th, 2021
Transcriptome of Oryza glaberrima in response to Meloidogyne graminicolaMapping against Niponvarre MSUv7 suing STAR, used of DESq2 for DE analysisJan 13th, 2019